Black magick, gray magick, and white magick are 3 terms that refer to the relative moral value of specific magick acts. A lot of practitioners consider these terms to be outdated, though they still do pop up from time to time, and are worth knowing about. A lot of the time this understanding is said to originate from christian thought during the medieval times, and was a way for christians to classify “good” magickal acts, from “evil” magical acts.
This understanding is primarily subjective much like the understandings of “Good” and “Evil”, and because of that what is classified as black magick, gray magick, and white magick is up for debate depending upon the relativistic view of the person who is perceiving it. Those some practices are definitely more likely to be considered one over the other from multiple people’s perspective, this does not objectify the moral value of the term placed upon it. Black magick, gray magick, and white magick are also dynamic changing to the preference of the perceiver depending upon both the moral value of the act of magick, and the magickal outcome that it produces. This can make it so that certain practices of magick can change classification from black magick to white magick, if the individual perceiving the act of magick considers its outcome to be “good” or “evil”.
Black magick also sometimes referred to as dark magick is magick that is used for “evil” purposes. Some practitioners choose to identify with this type of magick, and consider themselves to be black magicians, or black witches. Throughout history what has been considered black magick has been interpreted by the worldview of the main religion of the area in which the magick is being interpreted at. Such practices have led to inquisitions, witch hunts, anti-magick laws, and the persecution of specific people for their practices. Many understandings that were more esoteric, or occult in nature were labeled black magick, and because of that have been prosecuted. If the mainstream considered such things to be evil, dark, thought to cause harm, or foreign it would be ostracized as black magick
Gray Magick also sometimes referred to as neutral magick is magick that is used for “neutral” moral purposes. Some practitioners choose to identify with this type of magick, and consider themselves to be gray magicians, or gray witches. Gray magick appears in some people’s understanding around black, and white magick. A lot of practitioners of grey magick identify with the term in order to either avoid questions of ethical conduct, or in order to embrace, and blend together both what they understand to be black, and white magick. Some practices may also be assigned the understanding of grey magick, and are areas of magic which seem to be more morally undefined, because of their subject matter.
White magick also sometimes referred to as light magick is magick that is used for “Good” purposes. Some practitioners choose to identify with this type of magick, and consider themselves to be white magicians, or white witches. Throughout history forms of white magick have been known as miracles, and was often seen by religion as a gift from God. Practices that were considered white magick were also usually exoteric, traditional to the majority of people in the area in which it is being used, or work closely connected to the main religion of the area.